The « Stage-Gate » method is a product development process that breaks down the process innovation in 5 major steps; each step being preceded by a “exit” (gate), a sort of validation step provided by the management. After a first phase called “Stage” in which the project team reflects on the opportunities offered by the market and to new ideas, these five steps are:
1/ assessing the scope of the concept and feasibility,
2/ building the business case (definition and product justification and pre-planning)
3/ development product design, preparation of the production plan and launch plan,
4/ testing , validation, and market research,
5/ the launch, production and quality assurance.
Between each step, the gate(exit) possible to draw an accurate picture of project status: current and future costs and deadlines, current and future risks, quality control, evaluation of the involvement of teams, including the management.
his product development method is also used in project portfolio management. Its main strengths lie in the structuring of the project and eliminating errors in the formalization of a schedule in the decision support and its ability to be adapted to all types of projects. It helps to maximize project portfolio value (based on the strategic objectives of the company), to create a balance between all projects and adapt quickly to market changes.
The term “agile” defines a project management approach that against the foot predictive and traditionals approaches sequential cycle type V or waterfall (cascade). The very notion of «project management» is called into question in favor of «product management».
The Agile approach proposes to give more visibility, involving the customer from beginning to end of the project and adopting an iterative and incremental development process.
Agile methods are designed to reduce the software lifecycle by developing a minimal sprint, then integrating functionality through an iterative process based on customer focus and all tests throughout the development cycle. With agile methods, the customer pilot full of his project and soon gets a first start production of its software. Thus, it is possible to involve users from the beginning.
The PRINCE2 methodology can be applied to all types of projects, as it focuses on that all projects have in common: the need to create quality products that achieve economic benefits for a sponsoring organization.
This project methodology is used to ensure that such products are delivered on time, on budget and according to project boundary, while managing the risks, benefits and quality. It focuses on three points: : the organization, management and control of the project, and allows us to understand, manage and carry up to completion any type of project, whatever its size.
The methodology PRINCE2 provides a real roles in steering a project and project phases cutting with formal validation milestones.
PMI Method – PMBOK
The Project Management Institute (PMI), brings together all the knowledge of the professional field of project management, from the convergence theorists and practitioners, who apply and advance.
All the good practices involved in project management are met in the PMBOK. Starting a project to its completion, through the planning, execution and control of the work, this guide is the life cycle of the process of a project. It provides the methodology in estimating the workload, means to implement and costs involved. Aspects related to quality, risk or internal / external communication are also discussed.
The implementation of these best practices can improve the chances of success of a wide range of different projects.